A travel guide iAitoloakarnania.gr for an easy tour of the largest prefecture of Greece with amazing beaches, historical monuments, environmental wealth and hospitable people.
The prefecture of Aitoloakarnania is located in Western Greece and borders with the prefectures of Arta, Evritania and Fokida. Also, the Rio-Antirrio Bridge links it to Patras, while it has access by bridge to the island of Lefkada. To the north it is bathed by the Amvrakikos Gulf, to the west of the Ionian Sea, while to the south by two bays, the Patraikos and the Corinthian.
The visitors of the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania are fascinated mainly by the important archaeological finds and monuments, the history of the Mesolongi holy city, the picturesque town of Nafpaktos with the romantic Venetian castle and the lush mountainous volcano, the town of Amfilochia with the "brilliant" bay and the archaeological sites and the rich natural environment with beautiful, picturesque beaches and mountains covered by dense forests.
Η Αιτωλοακαρνανία είναι ένας τόπος φυσικής ομορφιάς, με καταπράσινους κάμπους και οροπέδια με απέραντες λίμνες, ποτάμια όπως ο Αχελώος και ο Εύηνος, ψηλά βουνά, βαθιά φαράγγια και όμορφες πόλεις και χωριά.
Those who love action in the beautiful spots of Aitoloakarnania can enjoy hiking, mountaineering, kitesurfing, rafting, bird watching and much more. Also, if you love rural tourism and nature, then you can visit the traditional villages where the hospitable people will bring you local dishes, they will bake you Greek coffee, they will treat you with local wine and will tell you untold stories from the depths history, always with the authenticity and local dialect that stands out ...
The Sacred City of Messolonghi is the capital of the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania, a tranquil city with a rich historical heritage. 1937, with a presidential decree, Messolonghi was proclaimed Holy City for its valuable contribution to the Greek Revolution of 1821. The fall of Messolonghi, and especially the heroic Exodus of his defenders at 10 April 1826, fueled international public opinion. As a result, philhellenism grew, while the Exodus and sacrifice of the Mesolonghi people inspired many works of art, painting, literature, etc. Messolonghi is also the birthplace of five Prime Ministers, such as Charilaos Trikoupis, but also the birthplace of important Greek poets such as Kostis Palamas.
Read about: All the attractions of Mesolongi
In this historic city, many attractions recall the 1826 Defenders 'Exit, including the defensive walls, the Exodus Gate, the Memorial of the Phoenicians and the Heroes' Tomb. It is worth visiting the Messolonghi, the Garden of Heroes, the Museum of History and Art that is housed in the House of Mayor, the mansions of the Trikoupis and Palamas families, the statue of the famous Greek poet Kostis Palamas, the monastery of Agios Simeon, the slope of the mountain Libra, the chapel of Agia Paraskevi, the small church of Panagia on the island of Finikia, the windmill, the castle of Kara Rinis, the monument of the hero of ancient B and the ruins of the house of the Great. The poet Philhellen Lord Byron.
Probably the most important attraction of the city is the lagoon, an important wetland biotope and a fish-breeding center throughout the country. Just a short distance from the lagoon you can see remnants of the ancient temple of Artemis Lavrian and Apollo Lavriou.
The villages (Neochori, Katochi, Gouria, Pentalofos, Lesini and Mastrou) hide their own treasures in the unknown Aitoloakarnania!
On top of a hill full of oaks and to the west of the village of Katochis are the ancient Oiniades. As soon as you approach, you will admire the walls and the majestic red tower. The walls of Oiniad are one of the most preserved walls of ancient cities with seven gates and towers. They are built with the polygonal (cyclopean) system and formed into a large enclosure, which at a time of raids concentrated residents and animals.
The Acropolis of Oiniades, located at the highest point of the city, is surrounded by a second wall with five towers. The ancient theater, on the other hand, is in a beautiful location, with more than two thousand seats and with two-thirds of its pitches carved into a solid rock - a result of the great patience of the ancient craftsmen.
The site does not end here: An ancient shipyard that is preserved is unique in its kind, whole carved in a huge rock - a work probably of the Aetolians in 3 century BC. The Oiniads huts are surrounded on their three sides by the city wall and consisted of five colonnades with 17 columns each supporting the roof, creating six ramps to lift the ships. (Opening hours: 08.00-14.00 daily).
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
The city of Agrinio, the largest city of Aitoloakarnania, is the economic, cultural and educational center of the prefecture. In the city and around the city you can visit the Papastratos Municipal Park, the Archaeological and Folklore Museum, the Papastratos Municipal Library and the Capral Gallery, the old Papastratou and Papapetrou tobacco stores, the church of Agia Triada Mauritius, the remains of the ancient city Stratou, Kleisoura Gorge and the hydroelectric dams of Kremaston, Stratou and Kastraki.
During the Ottoman domination Agrinio was known as "Vrachori". He participated in the Revolution of 1821 and acquired his current name 1835. The development of tobacco cultivation and trade has been the main source of wealth. Agrinio is located at 37 km North of Messolonghi.
Read about: All the sights of Agrinio
Ένα από τα φυσικά κοσμήματα του Αγρινίου είναι η Τριχωνίδα, η μεγαλύτερη λίμνη της Ελλάδας. Πρόκειται για μια λίμνη με απέραντο γαλάζιο που περιβάλλεται από τα βουνά Παναιτώλιο και Αράκυνθο.
Χαρακτηριστικά στη λίμνη βρίσκουν καταφύγιο περίπου 200 είδη πουλιών και 25 είδη ψαριών. Το πιο σπάνιο είναι ο νανογωβιός, ο οποίος θεωρείται το μικρότερο ψάρι της Ευρώπης και δεν υπάρχει αλλού στον κόσμο. Επίσης, η λίμνη κατέχει άλλη μία πρωτιά. Είναι η μοναδική που φιλοξενεί τη θαλασσινή Αθερίνα, ένα ψάρι που ζει μόνο στις θάλασσες.
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
Nafpaktos is a picturesque town built amphitheatrically on a hillside with pine trees. He has 18.231 permanent residents and is the second largest city in the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania. It is 42km. From Messolonghi and just 10km. from the Rio-Antirrio Bridge
Nafpaktos is a modern city capable of enticing all its visitors, while maintaining its traditional style. The harbor with its beautiful shops attracts even the most discerning visitors. Also the well preserved Venetian castle on top of the hill is one of the most beautiful castles in Greece and a real jewel for the city.
Nafpaktos is a city with a lot of activity throughout the year, increasing during the summer. The visitor can find taverns, restaurants, cafes and bars in the city center as well as the beaches near or on the castle hill overlooking the Corinthian Gulf.
You should visit the Venetian harbor, the well-preserved Venetian castle on the hill overlooking the city, the old mansion of the Botsari family, now a private museum, the traditional downtown houses. You should walk to the traditional cobbled streets of the city center and, if weather permitting, swim in the beautiful beaches of Psani and Gimboa.
Nafpaktia mountain is above the beautiful seaside scenery. It grows in a different topography, dominated by mountain bumps, canyons and water. Characteristic elements of Nafpaktia's mountainous volcanos are the sculptural slopes, the animal paths and the pastures in the mansions that reveal the Titanic struggle of generations for survival.
Mountainous Nafpaktia is one of the most beautiful regions of Greece, mainly from an environmental point of view. The diverse landscape and geological structure of Nafpaktos favor the rich and varied flora. The visitor is fascinated by a sensual and pleasant journey through the beautiful forests, where there is the exchange of oak, fir, beech, plane and chestnut, while there are some points where everything is together giving a unique unique color. In many places there are natural springs decorated with stone fountains ready to revitalize travelers.
These top ecological conditions in the area are the ideal place for the survival of large and small mammals and birds. The most important wildlife, birds and reptiles of the area's ecosystem are wild holes, deer, foxes, wolves, lynx, ferrets, rabbits, purple, squirrels and others. In the background there are partridges, pigeons, vultures, magicians, crows, madmen, woodpeckers, owls and a few rows of eagles and golden eagles. The main reptiles of the region are dentrogalia, Vipers, saitoura tyflitis fyllodaktylos and turtles.
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
The Municipality of Thermo has a territorial area of 333,7 square kilometers. The headquarters of the municipality are Thermo, a historical town with a population of 2.000 inhabitants, which is 30 km from Agrinio and 45 km from Nafpaktos. Thermo has a great history, a great cultural offer and a special performance in the field of letters, arts and sciences.
Thermo in its entirety, that is to say the area that currently constitutes the Municipality of Thermo as an administrative entity, is characterized by a variety of geomorphological elements and this is one of the most important elements of its nature. Lake Trichonida, the largest, most beautiful and clean lake in Greece, which the Municipality of Thermo approaches to its long coastline and even the most remarkable in terms of natural beauty, the small fertile lakeside plain of Myrtia and Pamphia, the majestic the plateau of Therma, crowned with soft green hills, the smaller plateaus of Chrysovitsa and Platisporus, the valleys of the mythical river Evinos and the scenic tributaries of Gidomandri and Fidakia, the verdant slopes (other than Mediterranean vegetation and elsewhere), of the Eastern Panetoliko, as well as the bare parts of the vegetation and the bare peaks of the mountain range, where the earth reveals the interior of the callus through the shapes and colors of the rocks but also a number of streams that plow the entire territory of the Municipality of Therma, constitute the geomorphological elements that make up an enviable natural environment in the area.
Stone and wire bridges, paths and rocks, water mills, water jets, cisterns, water huts, huts, threshers, artificial terraces, cobblestone squares, galleries, fountains, gazebos, wells, (some of which have been modeled in stylish settings, with adaptation of their use to the modern features and characteristics of each particular area), churches built with carved stones, as well as chapels, are the main elements of the rural and architectural heritage found scattered in this area, in the sixty more and more small and bigger settlements of the Municipality of Thermo, in the countryside, the valleys, the hills and the mountains of the region. Elements that form together with the natural elements (landscapes, vegetation, abundant waters and clean air), an enviable environment for man.
Today, Thermo, with its unique natural beauty, plane trees, springs and stone houses, rare examples of modern architecture, is one of the most beautiful cities in Greece and is the commercial, transport, cultural and administrative center not only of of the area that forms the Municipality of Therma, but also parts of the wider region of Trichonida and Nafpaktia. It has all the modern "urban" services (schools, banks, health center, other basic public services, hotels etc.) and also serves as a base for acquainting visitors with the diverse nature of the villages The Municipality of Therma and the wider region.
Thermal baths Myrtia
Red Wreath or Myrtia Baths
Myrtia Thermal Baths are located on the northeast beach of Lake Trichonida of the Municipality of Therma. Myrtia Baths are also known as "Red Wreath" because the pink twilight crowns with its very red colors the rock that embraces the source.
In a beautiful location next to Lake Trichonida, in the middle of the route from Agrinio to Thermo, there is the holy monastery of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary or Panagia Faneromeni, known as the Monastery of Myrtia, a name that has been used at least since 17 century.
Its core appears to have been created at the beginning of the 12 century, when the first small temple was built, and at the end of 15 or early 16 century, it expanded. In her long history she was associated with great artists who worked for her decoration and with personalities of the letters hosted at her premises, such as Kosmas Aetolos, who lived here for a short time. You have a rich library and in the years of the Ottoman rule, according to tradition, a secret school operated in its crypt. 1835, when all the monasteries in the area were dissolved, remained as the monastery center of Trichonda. 1943 was fired by German troops and destroyed cell blocks, restored in the 1990 decade.
Archaeological Museum of Therma
The new Archaeological Museum of Therma includes the permanent exhibition and the multipurpose hall.
The exhibition, which is structured in six thematic sections, includes findings from the Sanctuary of Apollo Thermi, from smaller neighboring sanctuaries, as well as finds from cities belonging to the Aetolian Confederacy, dating back to prehistoric to Roman times. The visitor follows evolution from the first traces of habitation in space and the creation of the sanctuary until its transformation into a religious and political center of the Aetolian Confederacy and its decline. The archaeological material accompanies explanatory texts, drawings and representations, detachable tabs with additional information material, texts and drawings in Braille format. In the multi-purpose room, more information is provided through interactive applications. In the antechamber aerial photographs and surveillance material with the floor plan of the exhibition area provide the first information to the visitor.
Findings from the Sanctuary of Apollo Thermi, from smaller neighboring sanctuaries, as well as finds from the member cities of the Aetolian Confederacy, dating back to prehistoric times up to the Roman conquest, present the new Archaeological Museum of Therma
Folklore Museum, which is housed in the bequest of Dimitrios Yfanti on the Anastasiou Akrida Street, near the square of Thermo.
Traditional objects related to the way of life of the inhabitants of the Municipality of Thermo and the wider area of the mountain Trichonida are exhibited. The collection and rescue of exhibits began with 1991 at the initiative of the Historical Folkloric Society of Apokouros (ILEA). The items stored in the elegant building come from different time periods of the past and have been categorized according to their subject matter.
The documented presentation of the exhibits, the scarcity of many of them and the interesting themes, make the visit to the Folklore Museum of the Municipality of Thermo a unique experience.
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
Amfilochia is a coastal town (10 m.) In the former Valtos province of Aitoloakarnania. It is built on the innermost point of the Amvrakikos Gulf bay amphitheatrically on two hills which converge to the south and form a right angle. This is a very important place, since for centuries it is the only passage from western Sterea Hellas to Epirus even after the construction of the modern underwater tunnel - Preveza - Aktio. It is from Athens 314 km NW, 42 km B from Agrinio and 40 N from Arta.
In the place of Amfilochia was the ancient Akarnania town of Limnaia, whose remains are still preserved.
The terrain we encounter in the area is rocky with the exception of coastal estuaries. The combination of the mountain range with the sea is a natural refuge for the protection of tourist boats from the winds. It is characteristic that despite the occasional strong winds blowing in the area of Amvrakikos no wreck has ever been mentioned. The geographical position of the city led to Amfilochia being called today "the bride of Amvrakikos".
The Battle of "Karbasara" in Amfilochia
The intense commercial activity and the important strategic position of the city were the main reasons why 1825 was the major battle against the Turks. As the siege of Messolonghi, which is close to Amfilochia, was begun, Kioutachis began from Epirus to Messolonghi to assist with his forces. Georgios Karaiskakis predicted that Karvassaras (today's Amfilochia) was an important center of commerce and that Kioutachis' troops would be in trouble if they stopped fueling them from the caravans. Then he took action and arrived in the area in order to prevent them ...
During the Ottoman occupation, the city was an accommodation for the passers-by, so it was named "Karvassaras". In the Turkish language "caravan-serai" meant a caravan station ...
In the morning of 28 September, led by George Karaiskakis, the Greek chiefs rushed to the Turks and literally caught them in bed. For four hours they fought with them, leaving only two options, killed in battle or thrown into the sea. Although both military units were small in number, the victory for the Greeks was great. A total of 300 Turks were killed and those who escaped from their hands drowned in the sea. On the side there was just one loss! According to the written testimonies of the protagonists themselves, even the European ships that were tied to the port, they removed that morning from their fear ...
The population of Amphilochia reaches 4.688 residents ...
By the beginning of the 20 century, the city was renamed Amfilochia, from the ancient homonymous state and shaped geographically and populously as it is today. A seaside town that adorns the wider area of the Amvrakikos Gulf and is a focal point for travelers in Western Greece ...
The enchanting seaside settlement overlooking the Amvrakikos Gulf is located at the green foot of Makrinoros with unparalleled beauty and enviable serenity.
Menidi Aitoloakarnania is located on the northeastern side of the Amvrakikos Gulf and at the foot of Mount Makrinoros, while it is just 17 kilometers from the city of Arta and 37 kilometers from Amfilochia.
The settlement of Menidi, which reaches the boundaries of the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania, is a beautiful summer resort for the warm months with its beach becoming a pole of attraction for a banquet or the sunset in Amvrakikos.
The harbor these days is a lively place, fishermen and people who go to buy fresh shrimps and anchovy that is also abundant at this time.
Beautiful pictures, good mood, warm weather and amazing shrimp shrimp Amvrakikos. The best way to start the summer.
Tip: Do not miss to try shrimps and anchovy by the sea, in the taverns of the village.
But if you are not the ... water and you are asking for a mountain escape, then you can climb Mount Makrinoros. There, you can hike on its natural paths with its lush vegetation, while at the top of it (950 altitude) you can be enchanted by the panoramic view of the Amvrakikos Gulf.
If you are adrenaline enthusiasts, on the mountain of Makrinoros, you should also visit the Paragliding takeoff track that has been in operation for several years. The conditions are ideal for flights almost all year long, with many athletes visiting Menidi to fly, since the view from across Amvrakikos and wetlands is simply unique. Of course, as many times as you can always fly to the beach, you will return as it is the only place you can land your parachutes.
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
the population 11.737 residents, according to the 2011 inventory.
The seat of the municipality is defined as Astakos and includes the following municipalities, local communities, towns, towns, villages and settlements:
Among its attractions are monasteries and historic sites such as the Byzantine castle of Dragamaestos and the archaeological site of ancient Astakos where the ruins of a temple dedicated to Jupiter
On top of a hill north of Astakos' current town and between Astakos and Karaiskakis village are the ruins of the fortifications of ancient Astakos and the medieval Dragamestou or Dragamaestos. The total area of the site is approximately 108 acres and the fortification is divided into two sections with a 410 meter spacing approximately. Ancient and Byzantine builders took advantage of the rocky site by carving the substrate and integrating it into the walls, combining physics with artificial fortification. The ancient wall was built on a natural substrate and its superstructure was brick. A section of it was later used as the basis for the construction of the medieval wall. The central gate, which should have been in use both during the ancient and the medieval periods, is located on the west side of the castle, the one that "sees" the ruins of the temple of Zeus Karaos. The fortification is reinforced by 15 towers, all facing the south and west. Within the enclosure of the walls of the Byzantine (northern) area, the ruins of three temples are preserved: 1. A three-aisled basilica of Saint Catherine or Theotokos, 2. A Cross-Temple of 10 Century and 3 Century. A one-room basilica. We also meet the foundations of buildings whose purpose is unknown to us. Right in the center of the southern part of the ancient city there is a small temple of Agia Kyriaki. Today, the castle is poorly preserved and access to it is via a rural road. The existence of the castle in combination with the old Christian findings within the limits of modern Astakos demonstrates the continuity of the habitation of the area and marks its medieval-Byzantine character. A similar fortification was just a little further south, in the Kastelli area.
is built a picturesque and seaside gem of Aitoloakarnania, Mytikas.
Mytikas. A "nose" of Akarnania that enters the Ionian Sea, with traditional architecture, lush vegetation and natural beaches with turquoise waters. If you take a walk in the center of Mytikas you will see the well-preserved mansions while relaxing in the harbor with fishing boats and pleasure boats.
Just one nautical mile is the island of Kalamos, which is visited by many visitors in the summer to enjoy the enchanting beaches and the forest that reaches the sea.
Interesting: Inside a rock, on top of the mountain, the church of Agia Eleousa has been built. Visitors are impressed by the impressive frescoes and the Mytikas view. What to try: In the area you will find plenty of roebuck, cheese products, fresh fish, trachana, olives and fine varieties of wines.
Για τους λάτρεις της φύσης η λίμνη Οζερού είναι πραγματικά ένα αριστούργημα, με πλούσια χλωρίδα και πανίδα…
Κοντά στο χωριό Γουριώτισσα αλλά και δίπλα στην Ιόνια Οδό, η λίμνη Οζερού αποτελεί πόλο έλξης για αρκετούς επισκέπτες, αλλά και για τηλεοπτικές εκπομπές.
The forest stretches south of the coastal area of the Ionian bay of Astakos and Platygialos, up to the Acheloos River to the east and Lake Ozero to the north.
More specifically, it is located in the southern hills of the Acarnanian Mountains of Greece, about 30 kilometers west of Agrinio. The core of the forest is a line of hills directly west and south of Lake Ozero and is called Ligovici-Manina hills, which cover 6000 hectares. Mostly, in the ancient forest we come across oak trees that range from 300-800 years!
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
The population in 17.370 residents, according to the inventory of 2011.
The headquarters of the new municipality are its largest town, Vonitsa.
Vonitsa, a town of Aitoloakarnania, dominates the south side of Amvrakikos, is inhabited by about 4.500 people and is one of the most touristic parts of Aitoloakarnania.
The imposing castle, the picturesque island of Koukoumitsas, the hospitable people, as well as the island atmosphere, enchant every passerby that then falls in love with this place.
Vonitsa is built very close to the ancient Annactrio, a commercial colony of Corinth, founded around 630 BC. on a peninsula near Aktio. Like most Acarnania cities, it collapsed when the Romans founded Nicopolis on the opposite side of Amvrakikos and forced the locals to move there. Over time, in the Byzantine years the city flourished again, with the name Vonitsa this time and at the exact point where it is today. During the Ottoman domination the city passed for a long time under the control of the Venetians, in particular from 1684 to 1797. 1832 was part of the new Greek state.
The top "must see" is undoubtedly the well-preserved Venetian castle on the pine-covered hill, the bustling waterfront with restaurants and cafes, the modern marina for fishing and excursion boats, the beautiful beaches of the area and the island of Koukoumitsas.
It is the beautiful island that you will see in the bay in front of the city which is the gem of the city for three reasons. Because it looks like a painting in the sea for a long time, because the bridge is a pole of attraction for a walk on the island and because Saint Nektarios is there.
Old, the residents of Vonitsa to visit the church of Agios Nektarios, by the bell, passed the sea from the beach of Saltinis located just across the road, while the island was not connected by the bridge.
Now, the bridge gives a different value to the island that is easily accessible and those who pass through Vonitsa will go to light a candle in the chapel.
Paleros, which until 1928 was called Zaverda, belongs to the municipality of Aktio and Vonitsa and is washed by the Ionian Sea. It is located between Mytikas and Vonitsa and is only half an hour from Lefkada.
The charming town is famous for its beaches, which become a pole of summer during the summer even foreign tourists. Vathyavali, Varko, Potamaki and Pogonias are some of the beaches that are appreciated by thousands of visitors.
The trademark of Palairo. Beaches become a pole of attraction during the summer months by tourists and are the most important source of revenue for the locals. Vathyavali is one of the best beaches of Aitoloakarnania and perhaps of (western) Greece.
ΔΙΑΜΟΝΗ ΕΞΟΔΟΣ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ
Η Αιτωλοακαρνανία εκτός από τον περιβαλλοντικό πλούτο διακρίνεται για την βαρυσήμαντη αρχαιολογική κληρονομιά της. Without a doubt, Aitoloakarnania can boast, because it is the prefecture with the most ancient theaters in Greece, being adorned with six archaeological ornaments in various places.
The ancient theaters of our prefecture are located in Stratos, Oiniades, Calydon, Nea Makinesia, Plevrona and Amphilochiko Argos.
It should be stressed here that it is certain that Thermos, the capital of Aetolones, has a Theater, but the necessary excavations have not yet been made.
Stratos Theater: The largest in capacity
The ancient Stratou Theater dates back to the 4 century BC. and is the largest in capacity in the Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania (about 7.000 viewers). It is located in the eastern part of the ancient city of Stratos (formerly the capital of Akarnania) and overlooks the river Acheloos and its valley.
The theater was connected to a stepped road with the ancient city, while it is built of gray-green local sandstone. The crest of the circumference of the orchestra and the sewer are made of white limestone. It is also noteworthy that the Theater is carved on a natural rock.
The hollow is divided by 12 scales into 11 tiers. Up to now, at least 33 rows of seats are saved. In general, the Ancient Theater of Stratou is in a very bad condition.
The theater had been identified by 1805 by W. Leake. First excavations were carried out by the French Archaeological School. The monument was later excavated until the 90 decade, when its excavation was completed in 1989-1996, with the collaboration of the Epica of Patras (Dr. Lazaros Kolonas) and the German Archaeological Institute (Prof. Schwandner).
Theater of Oiniades: The best preserved
Ancient Theater of Oiniades keeps the roots of its history from 4 century BC and is the best preserved by 6 Ancient Theaters of Aitoloakarnania. It is located near the Agora of the ancient city, where it was first built by the Athenians.
The Theater received some reconstruction interventions by Macedonian Philip II, while 167 BC the Romans intervened slightly in its formation.
It has stunning views of the surrounding lowlands, the old Acheloos River bed and the coastal areas. It has a capacity of approximately 5.000 viewers.
The cavity of the Theater is larger than a semicircle and consists of 28 rows of seats, of which only 19 is retained. Divided with 12 scales in 11 non-diaphragm stands. The orchestra of the theater (16,14m.) Is preserved in excellent condition, but not the scene, from which only the foundations of the foreground (21,89.) And the two backgrounds (5x5,62 each, to the east and west of the stage) . A characteristic of the theater is its very good acoustics.
The first survey was carried out by 1900 by American archaeologist B. Powell, when the scene, the orchestra, and the half of the hollow were revealed. In May of the following year, the inscribed stone blocks with (release) inscriptions were revealed in the southwest part of the hollow. 1987 revealed all its parts by the EPKA of Patras, followed by complete cleaning of the surrounding area. 2002-2006 has been upgraded with parts of the Theater.
Theatrical performances are still housed up to date in the Ancient Theater of Oiniadon, while several musical concerts are also hosted. All this in the context of the Festival of the Municipality of Oiniad that revives from 1986. The first play presented at the 1986 Theater was Aristophanes' "Aharnes".
Kalydonas Theater: The most ... strange
For the ancient theater of Kalydonas, there is no official date of construction, but if we estimate that all other ancient theaters in Greece were built around the same time, then (arbitrarily) we can assume that the Kalydon Theater dates back to 3 - 4 century BC .
Its characteristic is that it has a rectangular orchestra (16 × 14) and its 26 rows of rows (from sandstone) are arranged in shape II, which gave it the characteristic name: "Boulevard of Kalydon"!
In front of the scene, the revelation of rectangular vortices indicates the presence of doors to the foreground, in which there should be twelve (12) Ionic pioneer columns, of which only six (6) were saved.
In front of the foreground, a pipeline was revealed in the excavations, communicating with a square water storage tank. Surrounding the scene and foreground, a large number of tiles have come to light, indicative of the existence of a roof.
The ancient theater of Kalydon was located near 1960, during the construction of the EO. Antirrio-Ioannina. It is located on the hill of Laphri, where are also the sanctuary of Artemis and Apollo Lavrion.
The latest investigations at the monument began with 2001 and continued until 2003, initially in collaboration with the Institute of Denmark with the "Interim Archaeological Society" and then with the Hellenic Archaeological Service under the direction of Dr. Lazarus Kolonna. His excavation was completed before 1 about a year and shows that the orchestra had a stage building. There is also a wall that is in the foreground and keeps the door openings and colonnades.
Macynia Theater: Overlooking the Rio-Antirion Bridge
The ancient Macedonian Theater is located on a small plateau on the acropolis of ancient Makinesia. From the theaters, one can admire the views of the Patraikos and Corinthian gulfs, the Rio-Antirion Bridge, as well as the mountains of Achaia, Panachaikos and Erymanthos.
Its arched hollow and 14 rows of seats (without friezes and scales) are preserved to this day and are believed to be used as a bouleuterion. The orchestra and elements of the scene have also been revealed. The material used for its construction is sandstone.
At the highest point of the theater there were three straight and parallel rows of seats with backrests, where the officials were obviously sitting, while in front of them there was a stone throne for the honored face.
The theater came to light in the decade of 80 during the cleaning of the ancient city by the competent EPA of Patras.
Even today almost every year there are performances, but also (several times) meetings of citizens of the region.
Plevronas Theater: The theater-fortress
Ancient Pleuronas Theater is in contact with the western side of the New Pleuron fortification and at a distance of approximately 130 from the main gate. It is one of the most interesting ancient theaters, both due to the unique view towards the Mesolongi Lagoon, as well as its unique construction.
Its foreground is arranged in front of and in contact with the wall, the concave faces towards the west, while the stage theater function completes the 3 tower (6,5 × 3,3m). This tower is preserved at 5,70m height. that is, it should be an auxiliary space of the scene and the backgrounds. Theater walkways were 2,40 m wide with very distinctive corridors.
The orchestra of the theater (diameter 11,60 μ.) Is formed with soil in the natural ground. It is estimated that 25-30 would have rows of seats. Only 16 is visible.
The lodges in several places are made of rectangular carved stones, while others are carved in the natural rock.
The current state of the Theater is satisfactory, and it does not encounter particular static problems.
Amphilochikos Argos Theater: The unknown
The ancient theater of Amphilochiki Argos is the most unknown of all the past. Besides, until now, there have been no complete surveys or excavations to know much.
It is located in an olive grove (Huta heir) at a distance of 12 km from Amfilochia near the current settlement of Kenourgio Ambelakia.
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Sources: diazoma.gr, agriniovoice.gr, archaiologia.gr, wikipedia,
website of the Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania, Stratosphere Magazine
Nature & Ecotourism
Western Greece is the richest area of Greece in terms of the natural environment. It consists of the prefectures of Aitoloakarnania, Achaia and Ilias. In Western Greece, there are plenty of safe bays and natural harbors, miles of unique natural beauty, pristine, sandy and rocky unparalleled beautiful beaches. The Mesolongi Lagoons, the Amvrakikos Gulf, Kotychiou, together with the numerous lakes and rivers of the area, are the largest wetland cluster in the Mediterranean.
Extensive plateau distances interrupted by the mountainous volumes of the virgin Mountains of the area, complement the natural environment of the area. Over 280 bird species have been observed at various times of the year, dunes, lakes and other wetlands in the area and around. Many rare species, such as the endangered Vida (mammal), will be met by the visitor to the lakes of the area and the Mesolongi lagoon, while dolphins and seagulls (Carettacaretta) will meet in the Amvrakikos Gulf.
Natural virgin forests and rich Mediterranean vegetation cover the beautiful mountains of the area, where many and rare birds (such as the queen, the nightingale, the woodpecker) and many rare mammals (such as jackal, wild boar and deer).
It is no exaggeration to say that the area is the "Natural Park of Greece". The area has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era, as evidenced by tools of flint that are revealed mainly in the lakes and rivers. In the area according to mythology, gods, demigods and heroes lived, reigned and clashed.
The visitor will find hospitable and kind hosts from whom he can learn, if he wishes, how to cultivate and care for the animals on the organic farm, how to knead and bake bread, how to make jams, cheese, wine and much that will bring him back into contact with other people and nature, within a framework of authentic hospitality & high level of service.
The geomorphology of the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania with its mountainous volumes, flora and fauna in combination with the rivers and lakes are suitable for many types of activities.
One of the most widespread is hiking in seductive trails. The mountainous Nafpaktia, Arakinthos, the Pantheitolos mountain, Makrinoros, the Xerromeron, the Akarnanica mountains and others. have unparalleled beauty forests that you will surely want to walk in.
Όσον αφορά τα ποτάμια αν και ο Αχελώος είναι ο μεγαλύτερος διασχίζοντας όλο τον νομό, ο Εύηνος είναι εκείνος που έχει τις κατάλληλες υποδομές για rafting.
Ο Εύηνος συγκαταλέγεται στους ιδανικούς ποταμούς και αποτελεί μια από τις πιο δημοφιλείς διαδρομές για ράφτινγκ. Επίσης, ο ποταμός Εύηνος θεωρείται εύκολος προς μεσαίας δυσκολίας για καταβάσεις, από τη γέφυρα του Πόρου ως το Διεθνές Προπονητικό Κέντρο πριν τη γέφυρα του Μπανιά.
The climbing field in Mytikas has become a reference point for extreme sports enthusiasts, with the natural consequence of enhancing tourism in the wider region.
In the climbing field "Mytikas-Kamblafka of Aitoloakarnania" an organized situation has been created so that every year there will be several fanatical fans, as well as beginners athletes of the beautiful extreme sport that is constantly gaining ground in the area of Alyzia.
The development of the climbing field "Mytikas-Kamblafka Aitoloakarnania" is a very beautiful and worthwhile effort of young people,
hides love, passion and love for the wild beauty of the mountains and the
natural environment of our region.
Thus, the organized climbing field "Mytikas - Kamblafka Aitonia" since the summer of 2016 has begun to become widely known and is already in climbs.gr, as one of 172 climbing points in Greece.
Λίγο το μαγευτικό τοπίο, λίγο οι (φοβερά) φιλόξενοι άνθρωποι και λίγο οι εξαιρετικές συνθήκες για την διεξαγωγή του αθλήματος, είναι οι κύριοι λόγοι που το Διόνι Κατοχής καθιερώθηκε για τους λάτρεις του kitesurfing, του windsurfing και όχι μόνο…
The point is terrible, since the waters are ideal, the air is always favorable, the sand is crystal clear and the "Navagos" magician is a beautiful relaxation point overlooking the stunning and imposing Oxa.
The local food of Aitoloakarnania is dominated by domestic fodder products, abundant fish, pies, handmade pasta and the traditional recipes of the local inhabitants of the prefecture.
Typical dishes of the area are the bourgeois, roasted eels and the waxed savage. Also, the trachanas, the banana, the bombo and the flamingo stand out. From pies, you prefer the potato sauce or the main course of the pie (crumbed leaves that are placed in a pan and are well buttered, adding a layer of finely chopped cabbage, onions, cheese, salt, pepper and butter or oil), milkmeat (a mixture of flour, salt and sugar boils until thickened, then placed between coarsely chopped leaves and baked with a little butter).
Another special pie is the traditional macaroni pie (on the tops are opened very thin leaves on the roller.) On one sheet one adds cheese and a thick spaghetti and is wrapped tightly in a long way.Every wrapped sheet is placed around a round buttered pan, in the other. It is a pie pie which is then poured with butter and baked on the coals).
By bus: Frequent daily service with KTEL buses to and from Athens, Thessaloniki and Patras to Messolongi.
By car: You can reach the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania by car:
The distance from Athens is 248km.
The distance from Thessaloniki is 521km.
The distance from Patras is 49km.
With Ferry: There is also a short sea shipping service for the prefecture of Aitoloakarnania from the islands of Kefalonia, Ithaca Lefkada, as well as from the port of Rio in Patras, next to the bridge of Rio-Antirrio.
For information on Transfers, Hospitals, Police and Fire Brigades click on the following picture.